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People with Schizotypal Personality Disorder have a reduced capacity for closeness with others which is present from an early age. They often have distorted or eccentric thinking, perceptions, and behaviours that can make them appear odd.

For a diagnosis of Schizotypal personality disorder to be made, people will display at least five of the following:

  • Ideas of reference
  • Magical thinking or odd beliefs which are inconsistent with cultural norms
  • Unusual perceptions including bodily illusions
  • Odd speech and thinking
  • Suspiciousness or paranoia
  • Affect that is inappropriate or constricted
  • Few close friends or confidants, other than relatives
  • Social anxiety which does not improve with familiarity; paranoid fears rather than negative self-judgements